Selectively targets RPE while preserving photoreceptors
Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of selective retina therapy (SRT) with real-time feedback-controlled dosimetry (RFD) in the treatment of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).
Results: Subretinal fluid (SRF) was completely resolved in 74% (37/50 eyes) at month 3. Mean BCVA (LogMAR) was improved from 0.44 ± 0.29 at baseline to 0.37 ± 0.32 at month 3 (p = 0.001). MMT was decreased from 335.0 ± 99.8 μm at baseline to 236.4 ± 66.4 μm after 3 months (p < 0.001). SRF height was decreased from 168.0 ± 77.3 μm at baseline to 29.0 ± 57.3 μm after 3 months (p < 0.001). However, the changes in SCT were not statistically significant (p = 0.48).
Purpose: Selective retina therapy (SRT) stimulates retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell migration and proliferation into irradiated areas. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SRT in Korean patients with clinically significant diabetic macular edema (DME).
Results: An improvement in BCVA of one to two ETDRS lines was observed in 41.2 % of patients and an improvement of greater than two lines in 29.4 %. Although there was no significant change in CMT (P > 0.05), MMT decreased from 465.8 ± 87.4 μm to 434.3 ± 83.9 μm (P = 0.006), and mean macular sensitivity increased from 20.8 ± 3.4dB to 22.5 ± 3.5dB (P = 0.02).
Purpose: To test selective retina therapy (SRT) as a treatment of clinically significant diabetic macular edema (DME).
Results: Mean BCVA improved from 43.7 letters (standard deviation, SD = 9.1) at baseline to 46.1 letters (SD = 10.5) at the 6-month follow-up (p = 0.02). BCVA improved (>5 letters) or remained stable (±5 letters) in 84% of eyes. Thirteen percent of eyes improved by ≥10 letters, while 16% of eyes lost more than 5 letters. There was no severe loss of vision (≥15 letters). Overall, retinal thickness, hard exudates, and leakage in FFA did not change significantly (p > 0.05), while improvement of BCVA correlated with a reduction of hard exudates (p = 0.01) and central retinal thickness (p = 0.01). Specificity and sensitivity of detecting the angiographic visible threshold of RPE damage by optoacoustic measurements were 86% and 70% respectively. No adverse effects or pain were noted during or after treatment.
Subthreshold (retinal pigment epithelium) photocoagulation is a new photocoagulation method, which treats the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and avoids damage to the neural retina. The initial results in this prospective pilot study on various macular diseases are presented.
Conclusions: This study showed that subthreshold (RPE) photocoagulation is effective in some cases of diabetic maculopathy, drusens, and in CSR. Visibility of laser burns is not always necessary in the treatment of macular diseases presented here. Infrared imaging is an effective and non-invasive way of visualising subthreshold (RPE) laser burns.
Purpose: To evaluate the changes of retinal function with multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG), and estimate the association between functional and structural changes after selective retina therapy (SRT) with microsecond-pulsed laser in comparison to continuous wave laser photocoagulation (cwPC).
Conclusions: The results suggest that SRT preserved retinal function as well as anatomical structure after treatment.
Purpose To investigate structural changes in the retina by histologic evaluation and in vivo spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) following selective retina therapy (SRT) controlled by optical feedback techniques (OFT).
Conclusion Based on multimodal imaging and histologic assessment, our findings demonstrate that SRT with OFT could selectively target the RPE without damaging the neurosensory retina. Therefore, the use of SRT with OFT opens the door to the possibility of clinical trials of well-defined invisible and nondestructive retina therapy, especially for macular disease.
Abstract: Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the main cause of visual impairment in diabetic patients. The management of DME is complex and often various treatment approaches are needed. At the present time, despite the enthusiasm for evaluating several new treatments for DME, including the intravitreal pharmacologic therapies (e.g., corticosteroids and anti-VEGF drugs), laser photocoagulation still remains the current standard in DME. The purpose of this review is to update our knowledge on laser photocoagulation for DME and describe the developments in laser systems. And we will also discuss the new laser techniques and review the latest results including benefits of combined therapy. In this paper, we briefly summarize the major laser therapeutics for the treatment of diabetic macular edema and allude to some future promising laser therapies.
Purpose: Selective retina therapy (SRT), the confined laser heating and destruction of retinal pigment epithelial cells, has been shown to treat acute types of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) successfully without damaging the photoreceptors and thus avoiding laser-induced scotoma. However, a benefit of laser treatment for chronic forms of CSC is questionable. In this study, the efficacy of SRT by means of the previously used 1.7-µs and shorter 300-ns pulse duration was evaluated for both types of CSC, also considering re-treatment for nonresponders.
Conclusions: SRT showed promising results in treating acute CSC, but was less effective in chronic cases. Interestingly, re-treatment resulted in enhanced fluid resolution and dry conditions after a considerably shorter time in most patients. Therefore, SRT including re-treatment if necessary might be a valuable CSC treatment alternative even in chronic-recurrent cases.
We evaluated visual outcomes, changes of maximum macular thickness (MMT) and subretinal fluid (SRF), and safety in patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) after treatment with selective retina therapy (SRT). Retrospective cohort study of patients with chronic CSC presenting to a university-based hospital from January 2014 through January 2015 was conducted. A total of 12 eyes of 12 patients with chronic CSC lasting for at least 3 months was recruited. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 12 months. Following evaluation of test spots at temporal arcades, SRT (Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride [Nd:YLF] laser; wavelength, 527 nm, pulse duration, 1.7 microsececond) was applied to the surrounding areas of leakage observed on fluorescein angiogram and/or pigment epithelial detachment (PED). Changes in best-correct visual acuity (BCVA), MMT, and SRF and macular sensitivity (MS) by microperimetry (MP) were evaluated. Eyes received treatment in a mean of 3.83 spots at the pulse energy of 65 to 90 μJ. Mean BCVA (logMAR) improved from 0.23 ± 0.12 at baseline to 0.14 ± 0.13 at 3 months. MMT decreased from 341.4 ± 85.5 μm at baseline to 236.0 ± 57.9 μm at 3 months. SRF completely resolved in 75% (9 eyes) at 3 months. Large PEDs (2 eyes) were flattened at 3 months. Retreatment was performed in 4 eyes. MP showed no evidence of scotoma around SRT-treated lesions. SRT treatment targeting the surrounding area of leakage point showed favorable visual and structural outcomes in chronic CSC patients without the risk of scotoma.
Purpose: To assess retinal sensitivity after selective retina therapy (SRT) in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
Conclusion: Results suggest that SRT is a safe and effective treatment for persistent CSCR and does not leave permanent scotoma regardless of irradiation energy in the therapeutic range.